Tag Archives: carton packaging

Packaging Design Overview(Inspirations)

Key Points: packaging background and art characteristics, value and function of packaging, the specific requirements and the practical significance of green packaging design.

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Tip: To know the historical background and development process of packaging, can help packaging designers capture design elements, to express different design requirements. Grasp and understand the value and function of packaging, to better cooperate with enterprises to do economic and practical product packaging. Understand the concept of green packaging design for packaging designers, put forward further requirements on design, packaging designers mission to protect the environment.

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1,1
Packaging is closely related to people’s life. In primitive society, people struggle with nature and live a primitive life. At that time, because there is no food storage, so there is no packaging needs. Later, with the development of production, people rely on production can be self-sufficient, the rest will think of storage and packaging.
Most of the ancient packaging made from natural materials. Such as burning vessels with mud, basket with straw, with some plants and vines, leaf, fruit shell as packaging materials, etc. Some materials have been spreaded to today.

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Today, we study the packaging, not focusing on the ancient packaging, but focus on the modern packaging. Modern packaging started from the European Industrial Revolution (1760-1830), it has a history of 200 years.
In 1768, Watt invented steam engine
In 1798, Filed inventedof lithographic printing
In 1856, Britain invented corrugated paper, began as a hat of the lining
In 1871, an American, John packed bulbs with corrugated cardboard; in the late 19th century, invented outer packaging with corrugated carton… All these create conditions for the development of modern packaging.

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1.2 The concept and classification of packaging
1.2.1 The definition of packaging
About the packing definition, every country has edited into packaging language dictionaries.
American packaging definition – packaging is the preparation for the product shipping and sales behavior.
UK packaging definition – the packaging is the art, science and technology preparation for goods transportation and sales.
Canada packaging definition – is a good tool to deliver the product of the supplier to the customer, and can keep the good state of the product.
Japan packaging definition – the packaging is to use appropriate materials and containers with technology, make our products reach the destination safely. The product can protect its contents in the transportation and storage process and maintain the value of the product.
China packaging definition – the overall name of material and auxiliary material, etc for protecting products, convenient for storage and transportation in the process of circulation, promoting sales, according to certain technical methods and use of containers. Also refers to, in order to achieve the above purpose, and use container, materials and aids in the process of adding some technical methods such operating activities.

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1.2.2 The classification of the packaging
Classified byfunction: can be divided into domestic packaging, export packaging, special packaging (military, arts and crafts, rare and precious cultural relics, artwork, etc.).
Classified by material classification: can be divided into the wooden box packaging, carton packaging, plastic packaging, metal packaging, glass packaging, etc.
Classified by content:: can be divided into food packaging, pharmaceutical packaging, metal packaging, cloth packing, solid or liquid, powder, etc.
Classified by packaging technology: can be divided into waterproof packaging, packaging, vacuum packaging, compression packing, ventilation method, etc.
Also known as transport packaging, industrial packaging, is also great packaging or outer packaging. Look from the extent of the packaging can also be referred to as the packaging for the third time.
Commercial packing – also known as sales, also called small package or a dress. Look from the extent of the packaging, may be called the second packaging.

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Carton Packaging Structure Design

Objective: understand the most common carton packing structures and functions of packaging, as well as to conform to the packaging structure capacity requirement of design.
1, the basic knowledge of the carton packaging
2, the carton packaging structure classification
3, carton packaging structure design skills

First, the basic knowledge of the carton packaging
(1), the size of the carton
(2), all kinds of folding line style and function
(3), the international standard of small and medium-sized inverting lifted the lid cartons

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The paper properties and the common varieties
White paper: also called white cardboard, its bottom, gray, white two kinds of surface points.
Board or straw board: also known as grass. Mainly used in the manufacture of all kinds of carton or carton, can also be processed into liner material.
Corrugated board paper: also known as ma board, it as panel glue, paper and corrugated paper core is made all kinds of structure of corrugated carton.
Corrugated board: due to shape of corrugated wave the name. It can be all kinds of carton and carton.
Plastic composite paper: composite is bond to each other by a variety of material, plastic composite paper is soft composite materials.

Carton structure – with this important element in the structure design
In the carton packaging, with this part is under load, stress, vibration, drop, and other factors affect the biggest part. In the structure design, need careful consideration.
Structure of the main points and box type structure and tray type two kinds.
With this structure design – box type structure:
Box type structure:
Refers to the carton box body and a box shaped, extension on surface of the box type box body four designed on the basis of different paper carton sealing structure in the form of bolted.
Box type structure can be divided into the following kinds:
1, the socket bottom sealing type:
2, glue sealing type:
3, End lock type:
4, automatic lock bottom type:
5, partition bottom sealing type:
6, folding back cover type:
7, press the back cover type:
8, the press fixed type:

1, 2, box type structure
1, jack back cover (graphic)
This structure is generally only small packaging products, with only bear the weight of general, its characteristic is simple and convenient packaging products, has been widely used in the ordinary products.
2, glue back cover (graphic)
This structure is normally only used for packing machinery, this bonding with one another in the two wings with bottom sealing structure, with makings provinces, with this have been able to withstand the heavy weight, packing of powder products can prevent the powder leakage, and durable, this is common, such as washing powder packing structure.

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Box type structure
3, the lock bottom type: This structure is shake frame type box with four wings part designed to bite each other end of the form of a lock. Has been widely used in small and medium-sized bottled product this kind of structure form of cover.
4, automatic lock bottom type:
With a small amount of binder, when forming the just has to open the original fold flat box body, which can use the reply to box type shape, at the same time with this will automatically connect the bottom of the lock.

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Box type structure
5, partition bottom sealing type:
Play in the box body volume split into two, three, four, six, nine different partition of the state, effectively fixed inside the packaging products, prevent damage of vibration.
6, folding back cover type:
Characteristic is modeling beautiful pattern, can be used for gift packaging products for sale, because the structure is to connect with each other, generally unable to bear too much weight.

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Box type structure
7, press the back cover type:
Characterized by packing operation is simple, save paper.
8, the press fixed:
Characterized by packing operation is very simple, greatly saving paper and packaging process.

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With this structure design – tray structure:
Tray type structure (graphic)
Tray type structure is the cartons with this disk.
Its structure is in with few extends out of the box body on the edge of a few surface, is with this with the box body on the basis of the same paper, designed in the form of various box body bolt junction box structure.
Tray type structure of flat type is suitable for packaging products, commonly by folding into the tray shape packing products.
Tray type structure:

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Second, the structure of the carton packaging
1, the box body structure
A, shake cover box
The simplest structure, use of a box
Cigarette case

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B, casing box cover (also known as heaven and earth)
Used in high-grade goods and gift box
C, open window structure
Biggest characteristic contents or the inner packing directly.

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Commonly used box structure
E display (figure 1, figure 2, figure 3, figure 4,)
Display box and can be called “POP” boxes, advertising for sexual display, can fully show the packing form again. The form: one kind is with cover, exhibition will cover opened, transportation and buildings can be folded; Another kind is not with cover, the outdoor display. It has played a display, promote the role of commodities and introduce yourself.

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F enclosed (figure 1, figure 2,)
Enclosed box is a product of modern packaging, its characteristic is fully enclosed. It has better function on security, ease of use. Main forms have delayed opening line tear open form, in the form of the straws inserted into the holes contents smoking, etc., used to drinkings.

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Variants of box structure modeling techniques to deepen, artistic and practical. The main change is on the face of the box shape, edge, Angle and quantity, add and subtract in the direction of multi-level processing, etc. More suitable for gift packaging.

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H Affirmative type (figure 1, figure 2),
Affirmative type packing box biggest characteristic is convenient to carry, also known as portability packing box. The model structure are equipped with a handle on the box body, affirmative part can be attached, can also use the extension of cover and side lock into each other.

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The most wonderful packaging box design

1, Packaging open means

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2, Design of human caring

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With the strengthening trend of global integration, people’s lives standards are increasingly affluent, lifestyles are also quietly changing. Consumer demand for the product is no longer limited to meet the basic needs of life, but the desire for multi-sensory emotional and humanized products. For most closely connected with the product packaging open means, the single and indifferent form has been unable to meet the needs of modern people. Accordingly, stylist when making packaging design creation, especially in the mode of open mode design should pay more attention to the interaction and communication between people and open means, to make packaging open means more emotional and personalization.

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Packaging open means design as an integral part in the packaging design system, studies how to packaging open process and achieve its behavior way of the problem. Packaging open is the first link, the bridges between consumers and products, merchants and consumers, is a psychological change process for the consumer to make the packaging built-in objects from unknown to known.

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    Packaging design— open means

Carton according to different opening methods, its structure can be divided into cap type, draw out and shake cover type and cassette, etc.

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    Open means

1) Cap type: generally consists of two parts, the two parts, or stick, or separation, by lifted the lid to fit with this completely. The method of making the cap type carton is intuitive, simple, is also widely used.

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(2) The drawer: a kind designed according to the structure, with the method of pull open or close the carton, matchbox is a typical kind of drawer box.

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(3) Shake cover type: one of the most commonly used methods of the carton  packaging, the cover and carton connected as an organic whole, the lid of the sealing can have a variety of changes.

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(4) Cartridge : known as the portable box. General the opening is the handle part.

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(5) Other structures: the door type/damage type, art type such open means, etc.

The door type

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The damage type

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The art type

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Common sense of the carton packaging

In the various types of packaging materials such as paper, metal, glass, plastic, wood, composite materials, paper is used in various fields because of its unique environmental advantages, light weight, and low cost of transportation .

Environmental symbols are printed on a lot of cartons now.

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  1, From packaging function of the carton, mainly has containing,protection, convenience, show, display, and environmental friendliness.

(1)Containing

Containing products rely on packaging. Products are solid,or liquid. And size and quantity is different. In structural design, should give full consideration to the packing containing function, must be able to contain the required number. Such as big bottles of candy, should be able to contain specified number, this containing function should consider not only contain stipulated number of products, but also have extra appropriate space. And like a bottle of coke and other drinks, should have a certain space, avoiding rupture under bottle pressure during the flow.

(2) Protection

The prime function of food packaging is to protect the goods, which mainly are done by structure design. Food production come out, after going through a series of circulation channel (loading and unloading, transportation, storage, etc.) to reach consumers’ hands, because of the climate conditions, pest, warehousing and distribution of all kinds of the effect of external force, will bring different degree of damage to products. Structural design ’s purpose is for these disadvantage factors, take technical measures to protect both the protection of the goods and the protection of packaging itself.

Generally speaking,main considerations of the structure design are: its load, stress, vibration, drop performance aspects of mechanics, considering whether to conform to the protection of food science, such as moisture, rust, mould-proof, pollution prevention, anti theft, etc. What kind of structure, combined with what material to make the product packaging can safely reach consumers’ hands. Because the commodity is extremely wide range, have different character, different food packaging’s structure may vary greatly, such as holding a wine glass bottle and other fragile products, mainly considering the brace; The puffed food, mainly considering moisture; The coke carbonated drinks, is gas blocking, etc.

(3) Convenience

Good packaging should have a wide range of convenience, it also needs the structure design to implementation. Convenient functions generally includes packing convenient, convenient transportation, loading and unloading, stacking, convenient storage, sales, and convenient to carry, convenient use, convenient processing, etc. In the structural design, considering the actual needs of consumers. Convenient function of packaging to the product sales will have a huge impact, should be seriously considered in design. If the cover is difficult to open such as canned food can make consumers away, bottled liquid filling if the bottle is too small is not convenient and use, etc.

(4). Display

Food packaging must have obvious distinctiveness, make consumers a strong visual impact by its own remarkable characteristics in a wide variety of display shelves .

(5) Display

The packing must be on the premise of fully showing, to make product a the good display effect, or has the ideal appeal, to entice consumers making buying decision on the spot , or leave a deep impression for the future buying.

(6) The environment friendly

 

2, In the objective aspects are in science and technology

(1) Scientific

Mainly refers to the choice of materials and the design of the structure can preserve and protect goods well, can effectively cooperate the circulation such as transportation, storage, loading and unloading operations; Make consumers to use, carry, save more conveniently, etc. In addition, whether the packing material will damage the environment, and recycle is also very important. Packaging industry is a scientific and systematic engineering, packaging design must also take each link of science into account , it also reflects the characteristic of the combination of art and science.

(2) Technology

At present, for China’s export enterprises, the export performance of 20% companies will be affected because of packing problem, how to improve the quality of product packaging, meet the demand of the international packaging? This requires that companies to use the best, most money-saving packaging design software.  

3, From the content of the design, main consideration are the relationships between packaging and commodities, packaging and environment, packing with consumers, and the internal structural elements.

(1) Packaging and commodities

Packaging determines whether the commodity can be a brand, sets up the commodity brand image, good packaging can give consumers the spirit to enjoy in addition to the substance. After using, the consumer’s feelings must be combined with brand and packaging.

(2) Packaging and environment

In the context of sustainable development, packaging should be designed to be able to recycle, save raw materials as well as not to cause environmental pollution.

(3) Packing with consumers

Good packaging can give consumers a deep and unforgettable impression, will entice consumers to buy, bring popularity to products.

(4) The internal structural elements

The packaging structure performance will directly affect the strength, stiffness, stability and practicability of the package.